For his nephews, he planned to have them befriend the young King, his nieces were to marry into French nobility, the higher the rank, the better. With the patronage and support of the Colonna family, who had ties to the court of Pope Urban VIII reigned 1623 — 1644 , he initially entered into the papal army in 1624, but by the late 1620s instead took the initial vows of a cleric and became a papal diplomat.
The Fronde represented the final attempt of the French nobility to battle the king, and they were humiliated. A Catholic theological movement, primarily in France, that emphasized original sin, human depravity, the necessity of divine grace, and predestination.
The peace lasted until the end of 1649. Jansenism A Catholic theological movement, primarily in France, that emphasized original sin, human depravity, the necessity of divine grace, and predestination.
The Escorial library in Madrid, erected in 1584, had been the first to do away with the medieval book bays, which were set at right angles to the light source,….
Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. These often-satirical pamphlets fueled the revolts as they contained scathing criticisms of Mazarin, Anne of Austria , and the regency government.
Early life and marriage View More. According to the Roman tradition of nepotism, Mazarin offered rich dowries and arranged noble marriages for his nephews and especially for his Mancini and Martinozzi nieces. Even in the midst of the Fronde, Mazarin continued to direct France's foreign policy. Search for: Maria Maggiore, although he had only taken the minor orders, and had never been consecrated priest; he negotiated the treaty of Turin between France and Savoy in 1632, became vice-legate at Avignon in 1634, and nuncio at the court of France from 1634 to 1636.
His final triumph came with the Peace of the Pyrenees in November 1659. Contact information.
James Breck Perkins, France under Mazarin, with a Review of the Administration of Richelieu 1886 , and Arthur Hassell, Mazarin 1903 , contain biographical information, but both are dated.
Learn More in these related Britannica articles: Mazarin therefore had to limit his activities within the realm to thwarting intrigues at court and multiplying financial expedients to meet war expenditures. By clever diplomacy he strengthened the crown and negotiated the favorable Peace of the Pyrenees at the end of the war with Spain 1659.
Yet, on several occasions, when the state faced desperate financial situations, he put his own fortune at its disposal. The Fronde over, Mazarin had to build up afresh the power of France at home and abroad.
As the war between France and Spain still continued and as grave issues were developing in the north and east, Germany could easily have been involved again in a general war. John Lateran, vice-legate at Avignon 1632 , and nuncio extraordinary in France 1634. She noticed and Mazarin put his whole stack of coins in. Edit Mode.
Giulio Raimondo Mazzarini spent his youth, of which not much is known, in Rome. For all practical purposes, Austria had lost her preponderance in Europe to France, and the French nobility and parlements gave way to an absolute monarchy. In 1641 Richelieu persuaded the Pope to make Mazarin a cardinal, though he was not a priest.